It looks like the CIA has succeeded in toppling Musharraf.
"Faced with desertions by his political supporters and the neutrality of the Pakistani military, President Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan ... is expected to resign in the next few days rather than face impeachment charges, Pakistani politicians and Western diplomats said Thursday (14 August 2008)." - Musharraf Is Expected to Resign in Next Few Days
GEORGE W.Bush has dumped Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, refusing to take a series of "help me" telephone calls from the man he once described as his 'best buddy'. - Bush's Pakistan 'buddy' cast adrift
There have been various reports that the CIA has been trying to destabilise Pakistan.
1. "For reasons best known to Langley, the CIA headquarters, as well as the Pentagon, Pakistani officials say the Americans were not interested in disrupting the Kabul-based fountainhead of terrorism in Balochistan." - US accused of backing terrorism in Pakistan
2. Pakistan PM Gilani ... "could not muster the courage to tell (Bush) that the CIA was actively involved in an unholy game to destabilise Pakistan." - Pakistan: Grim internal and external situation
3. On 4 September 2007, at least 25 people were killed and 68 injured in two bombings aimed at military intelligence targets in Pakistan's garrison city of Rawalpindi near the capital Islamabad. Blasts hit Pakistan garrison town
This was part of a series of events reportedly aimed at destabilising Musharraf and Pakistan.
There are a number of world leaders who, reportedly, were (1) put into power by the CIA and then (2) toppled by the CIA.
Think of Noriega, Suharto, Saddam Hussein, Marcos...
Why might the CIA want to topple Musharraf.
In 2006, Musharraf wrote a book in which he claimed that Omar Sheikh, one of the primary financers of the 9/11 attacks, may have worked for British intelligence during the 1990s.
“It is believed in some quarters that while Omar Sheikh was at the LSE (London School of Economics) he was recruited by the British intelligence agency MI6,” Musharraf writes in his book, In the Line of Fire: A Memoir.
Musharraf names 9/11 suspect as possible British asset
From US turns against Musharraf, Asia Times Online, January 12, 2006:
"According to a contact who spoke to Asia Times Online, a person close to the US Central Intelligence Agency paid a low-profile visit to New Delhi in the third week of December and briefed strategic planners on Washington's plan to try to curtail the role of the Pakistani army."
On 25 march 2007, the UK's Sunday Telegraph, reportedly close to MI6, stated:
"Two exiled former prime ministers of Pakistan will launch a joint attempt this week to drive the current president, Pervez Musharraf, from power. Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif agreed to join forces during a meeting in London after weeks of political crisis in Pakistan have left its military strongman with a tenuous grip on power."
According to http://www.dnaindia.com/ the CIA is in the process of trying to find a replacement for Pakistan's president, Pervez Musharraf. Reportedly, the CIA hopes to replace Musharraf with a military officer.
DailyNewsAnalysis India's source is 'a well placed diplomat'.
"The US sent head-of-state hunters from the Central Intelligence Agency to scour the Pakistani military apparatus to identify a suitable replacement for General Pervez Musharraf.
"The extraordinary recruitment mission — reflecting the seriousness of purpose and urgency with which the Bush administration wants to oust its ‘most valuable ally’ — was disclosed recently by a well-placed diplomatic source...
"A team of CIA operatives was subsequently sent to the country to sort out pro-US army officers, one of whom could be considered Musharraf’s successor as the commander-in-chief."
He has strong links with Washington.
He was at one time the head of ISI, the Pakistan spy agency, which works closely with the Americans. - Musharraf protege might yet turn on his benefactor
It is possible that the CIA has for some time been planning to topple Musharraf and replace him with someone like Kiyani.
Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte visited Pakistan in November 2007. He held three meetings with General Ashfaq Kiyani, the deputy army chief. (US appears to groom possible Musharraf army successor - The Boston ...)
In September 2006, CBS produced an interview with Musharraf. In this interview, Musharraf claims that after the 9/11 attacks, then-Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage threatened Pakistan's military intelligence chief that the U.S. would bomb his country 'back to the Stone Age' if Musharraf didn't cooperate with the USA. (Bush and Musharraf: Friends Again - TIME)
And, of course, in 2006, Musharraf wrote a book in which he stated that Omar Sheikh, one of the primary financers of the 9/11 attacks, may have worked for British intelligence during the 1990s. (xymphora: Omar Sheikh and British intelligence)
Remember the fall of Suharto in Indonesia? Musharraf may be about to be toppled by the CIA in the same way.
There is a CIA connection.
At some point in the 1990s Suharto was seen by some Americans as having become too powerful and too independent minded.
Suharto was giving too many business contracts to his family and Chinese-Indonesian cronies, rather than to American companies like Ford.
Some people in the Pentagon considered the possibility of having a general such as Prabowo or Wiranto or Yuhhoyono take over.
In order to topple Suharto there would need to be riots.
In Indonesia, in the years 1997- 1998, there were riots in various parts of Indonesia. Some riots looked spontaneous and some looked as if they had been planned. (http://www.insideindonesia.org/edit50/riots.htm)
In Indonesia, trouble is often organised by the spies. Back in the 1950s the British and American intelligence agencies had organised rebellions in various parts of Indonesia, in order to undermine President Sukarno.(http://www.westpapuanews.com/articles/publish/article_31.shtml)
In 1998 one of the key generals was Prabowo, son of Dr. Sumitro Djojohadikusumo, a former Finance Minister, said to have once worked with the British and the Americans against Sukarno.
In May 1998, Prabowo was commander of Kostrad, the strategic reserve, the regiment Suharto commanded when he took power in 1965.
General Wiranto, the overall head of the military, was seen as a rival to Prabowo.
The American Defence Secretary, William Cohen, was in Jakarta in January 1998 and he visited both Prabowo and Wiranto.
The CIA chief had also been a recent visitor to Jakarta. The CIA and the Pentagon were close to both Prabowo and Wiranto. (http://solidarity.igc.org/atc/emily75.html)
At the start of May 1998, students were holding peaceful demonstrations on university campuses across the country. They were protesting against massive price rises for fuel and energy, and they were demanding that President Suharto should step down.
On May 12th, students at Jakarta's Trisakti University, many of them the children of the elite, planned to march to parliament to present the government with their demands for reform. The police prevented the students from marching.
Some time after 5pm, uniformed men on motorcycles appeared on the flyover which overlooks Trisakti. Shots rang out. Four students were killed.
Riots of May 13-14
On the 13th of May there were reports of rioting in the area around Trisakti. President Suharto was attending a conference in Egypt and the military top brass went off to Malang in East Java to attend a ceremony.
On the 14th of May, serious rioting took place in the Jakarta area. There were no signs of any uniformed soldiers on the streets.
Over 1,000 people died during these Jakarta riots, most having been burnt in malls and supermarkets but some having been shot or beaten.
Alleged involvement of the military in planning the riots
Father Sandyawan Sumardi, a 40-year-old Jesuit priest and son of a police chief, led an independent investigation into the events of May 1998.
As a member of the Team of Volunteers for Humanitarian Causes he interviewed people who had witnessed the alleged involvement of the military in organising the riots and rapes.
A security officer alleged that Kopassus (special forces) officers had ordered the burning down of a bank;
a taxi driver reported hearing a man in a military helicopter encouraging people on the ground to carry out looting;
shop-owners at a Plaza claimed that, before the riots, military officers tried to extract protection money;
a teenager claimed he and thousands of others had been trained as protesters;
a street child alleged that Kopassus officers ordered him and and his friends to become rioters;
there was a report of soldiers being dressed up as students and then taking part in rioting;
eyewitnesses spoke of muscular men with short haircuts arriving in military-style trucks and directing attacks on Chinese homes and businesses.
There were reports of children being encouraged to enter malls and then of the malls being set on fire;
there were allegations that muscular men with short haircuts had gang-raped little Chinese girls and then murdered some of them.
Suharto told he had lost the support of the military
Some of Suharto's former allies deserted him. Wiranto allowed students to occupy Parliament. Reportedly Wiranto reported to Suharto on May 20th that Suharto no longer had the support of the army. Suharto was forced to resign on May 21 and was replaced by Habibie, his Vice President.
The continuing importance of the military
Wiranto remained as chief of the armed forces. Wiranto's troops began removing the students from the parliament building.
One result of the May riots was that the military appeared to remain the power behind the throne. In 2004, General Yudhoyono became president.